This past weekend, a Palestinian woman named Hana Shalabi, was freed by Israeli forces following a 40 day hunger protest. She is now the second Palestinian to be freed by Israel this year following an extended hunger strike... Khader Adnan was released in February after a 66 day strike.
Both people were being held by Israeli forces as part of its "administrative detention" law. The law states that Israel may hold anyone suspected of terrorist activity against the State of Israel, especially Palestinians. The prisoners are held without a trial and are not allowed an official defense; Israeli officials claim this policy is due to the fact that such a trial would release information which could threaten Israeli national security. The prisoners are sentenced to six month prison terms... which can be renewed indefinitely. According to the latest reports, there are about 300 administrative prisoners currently being held in Israel.
Ms. Shalabi is suspected of planning acts of terror against Israel and is believed to be in the process of planning a suicide attack against the country. She has times to the organization known as "Islamic Jihad" and this is not the first time she was been arrested.
The issues concerning Israel and the Palestinians are complicated and multifaceted; essentially the crux of the issue stems from long standing territorial disputes with both groups claiming the same relatively small area of land.