The 5-4 vote was strictly divided along the liberal-conservative divide in the Court. Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote the majority opinion stating that, "Ceremonial prayer is but a recognition that, since this nation was founded and until the present day, many Americans deem that their own existence must be understood by precepts far beyond that authority of government to alter or define."
In the dissenting opinion Justice Elana Kagan argued the town's practice of endorsed prayer at official town meetings could not be reconciled, "with the First Amendment''s promise that every citizen, irrespective of her religion, owns an equal share of her government."
The town has argued that because all faiths, including atheists, were welcome to lead the prayers, there was no violation. The Supreme Court seems to agree...